Wolfsburg stunned an out-of-sorts Real Madrid by comfortably beating the Spanish team in the first leg of their Champions League quarter-final tie.
The hosts were awarded a controversial penalty when Casemiro was deemed to have fouled Andre Schurrle, and Ricardo Rodriguez converted from the spot.
Real were poor defensively and a rapid attack ended with Bruno Henrique setting up Max Arnold for the second.
Wolfsburg could have scored more goals, while Real had few clear chances.
Defeat was Real’s first in a Champions League quarter-final since 2004, and leaves the 10-time winners needing a vastly improved performance in the return leg at the Bernabeu next Tuesday.